USGS - science for a changing world

National Water Quality Laboratory

Friday December 15, 2017

Methods Research and Development Program

Staff and Interests


Mark R. Burkhardt Project Chief, Ph.D., Analytical Chemistry, 303-236-3250
Environmental analytical chemistry, trace organic analysis in sediments, solids and macroinvertebrates, hydrophilic organic compounds by liquid chromatography, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, applied robotics, radiochemistry   (selected publications)

William T. Foreman, Project Chief, Ph.D., Analytical Chemistry, 303-236-3942
Environmental, analytical, atmospheric chemistry of organic contaminants, analysis of pesticides and PCBs, gas chromatography, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, chiral chromatography, sample isolation and preparation techniques  (selected publications)

Edward T. Furlong, Project Chief, Ph.D., Chemical Oceanography, 303-236-3941
Field sampling, trace organic contaminants in sediments, gas chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, tandem mass spectrometry  (selected publications)

John R. Garbarino, Project Chief, M.S., Analytical Chemistry, 303-236-3945
Trace elements in a hydrologic environment, inductively-coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry, inductively-coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  (selected publications)

Julia Glovack, 303-236-2000

James L. Gray, 303-236-3776

Barbara L. Kemp, Program Secretary/Office Automation, 303-236-3941
Administration, manuscript preparation, office and file management

Jeff W. McCoy, Program Chief, PhD., Analytical Chemistry, 303-236-3940

Charles J. Patton, Project Chief, Ph.D., Analytical Chemistry, 303-236-3956
Nutrient analysis, laboratory automation for sample preparation and analysis, continuous flow analysis, colorimetric methods of analysis, in-situ nutrient analysis, ion chromatography   (selected publications)

Mark W. Sandstrom, Project Chief, Ph.D., Geochemistry, 303-236-3943
Analysis and fate of pesticides, degradation products, volatile organic compounds, sampling methods, liquid- and solid-phase extraction, automated sampling and analysis, field QA/QC  (selected publications)

Stephen L. Werner, Chemist, B.S., Cellular Biology, 303-236-3966
High performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, solid phase extraction, computer support 

Selected Publications


Burkhardt, Mark R.

Burkhardt, M.R., ReVello, R.C., Smith, S.G. and Zaugg, S.D., 2005, Pressurized liquid extraction using water/isopropanol coupled with solid-phase extraction cleanup for industrial and anthropogenic waste-indicator compounds in sediment:  Analytica Chemica Acta, V. 534, p. 89-100.

Burkhardt, M.R., Soliven, P.P., Werner, S.L., and Vaught, D.G., 1999, Determination of submicrogram-per-liter concentrations of caffeine in surface water and groundwater samples by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography: Journal of AOAC International, v. 82, no. 1, p.161-166.

Cahill, J.D., Furlong, E.T., Burkhardt, M.R., Kolpin, D., and L.G Anderson, Determination of pharmaceutical compounds in surface-and ground-water samples by solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry: Journal of Chromatography A, 2004, 1041, 171-180.

Burkhardt, M.R., Zaugg, S.D., Burbank, T.L., Olson, M.C. and Iverson, J.L., 2005, Pressurized liquid extraction using water/isopropanol coupled with solid-phase extraction cleanup for semivolatile organic compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), and alkylated PAH homolog groups in sediment:  Analytica Chemica Acta, Accepted and in Press July, 2005.

Foreman, William T.

Foreman, W.T., Gates, P.M., 1997, Matrix-enhanced degradation of p,p'-DDT during gas chromatographic analysis—A consideration: Environmental Science and Technology v. 31, p. 905-910.

Foreman, W.T., Majewski, M.S., Goolsby, D.A., Wiebe, F.W., and Coupe, R.H., 2000, Pesticides in the atmosphere of the Mississippi River Valley, part II – Air: Science of the Total Environment, v. 248, p. 213–226.

Foreman, W.T., Gates, P.M., Foster, G.D., McKenzie, S.W., and Rinella, F.A., 2000, Use of field-applied quality control samples to monitor performance of a Goulden large-sample extractor-GC/MS method for pesticides in water: International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, v. 77, p. 39–62.

Noriega, M.C., Wydoski, D.W., and Foreman, W.T., 2003, Methods of analysis by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Laboratory—Determination of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in bottom and suspended sediment by gas chromatography with electron-capture detection: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4293, 41 p.

Wong, C.S., Garrison, A.W., and Foreman, W.T., 2001a, Enantiomeric composition of chiral polychlorinated biphenyl atropisomers in aquatic bed sediment: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 35, p. 33–39.

Furlong, Edward T.

Glassmeyer, S.T., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W , Cahill, J.D., Zaugg, S.D., Werner, S.L., Meyer, M.T., and Kryak, David D., 2005, Transport of chemical and microbial compounds from known wastewater discharges:  Potential for use as indicators of human fecal contamination:  Environmental Science & Technology, v. 39, no. 14, p. 5157–5169.

Stackelberg, P.E., Furlong, E.T., Meyer, M.T., Zaugg, S.D., Henderson, A.K., and Reissman, D.B., 2004, Persistence of pharmaceutical compounds and other organic wastewater contaminants in a conventional drinking-water-treatment plant:  Science of the Total Environment, v. 329, p. 99–113.

Kolpin, D.W., Furlong, E.T., Meyer, M.T., Thurman, E.M., Zaugg, S.D., Barber, L.B., and Buxton, H.T., 2002, Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999–2000—A national reconnaissance: Environmental Science & Technology, v. 36, no. 6, p. 1202–1211.

Furlong, E.T., Burkhardt, M.R., Gates, P.M., Werner, S.L., and Battaglin, W.A., 2000, Routine determination of sulfonylurea, imidazolinone, and sulfonamide herbicides at nanogram-per-liter concentrations by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry:  The Science of the Total Environment, v. 248, p. 135–146.

Garbarino, John R.

Garbarino, J.R., Bednar, A.J., Rutherford, D.W., Beyer, R.S., and Wershaw, R.L., 2003, The environmental fate of roxarsone in poultry litter. Part I. Degradation of roxarsone during composting, Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 37, 1509-1514.

Garbarino, J.R., Synder-Conn, E., Leiker, T.J., and Hoffman, G.L., 2002, Contaminants in arctic snow collected over Northwest Alaskan sea ice, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 139, p. 183-214

Garbarino, J.R., Hayes, H.C., Roth, D.A., Antweiler, R.C., Brinton, T.I., and Taylor, H.E., 1996, Heavy metals in the Mississippi River, in Meade, R.H., ed., Contaminants in the Mississippi River, 1987-92, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1133, p. 53-71.

Garbarino, J.R., Taylor, H.E., and Batie, W.C., 1989, Simultaneous determination of major and trace elements by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry/optical emission spectrometry, Analytical Chemistry, v.61, p. 793-796.

Patton, Charles J.

Patton, C.J., and Kryskalla, J., 2003, Methods of analysis by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Laboratory—Evaluation of alkaline persulfate digestion as an alternative to Kjeldahl digestion for determination of total dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus in water:  U.S. Geological survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4174, 33 p.

Patton, C.J., Fischer, A.E., Campbell, W.H., and Campbell, E.R., 2002, Corn leaf nitrate reductase—A nontoxic alternative to cadmium for photometric nitrate determinations in water samples by air-segmented continuous-flow analysis: Environmental Science & Technology, v. 36, no. 4, p. 729–735.

Patton, C.J., and Truitt, E.P., 2000, Methods of analysis by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Laboratory—Determination of ammonium plus organic nitrogen by a Kjeldahl digestion method and an automated photometric finish that includes digest cleanup by gas diffusion:  U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-170, 31 p. Patton, C.J>., and Gilroy, E.J., 1999, U.S. Geological Survey nutrient preservation equipment—Experimental design, statistical analysis, and interpretation of analytical results:  U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4118, 73 p.

Sandstrom, Mark W.

Sandstrom M.W., Kolpin, D.W., Thurman, E.M., and Zaugg, S.D., 2005, Widespread detection of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide in U.S. streams:  Comparison with concentrations of pesticides, personal care products, and other organic wastewater compounds:  Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, v. 24, no. 5, p. 1029–1034.

Andraski, B.J., Sandstrom M.W., Micheal, R.L., Radyk, J.C., Stonestrom, D.A., Johnson, M.J. and Mayers, C.J., 2003, Plant and environment interactions:  Simplified method for detecting tritium contamination in plants and soil:  Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 32, p., 988–995.

Madsen, J.E., Sandstrom, M.W., and Zaugg, S.D., 2003, Methods of analysis by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Laboratory—A method supplement for the determination of fipronil and degradates in water by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry:  U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-462, 11 p.

Rose, D.L., and Sandstrom, M.W., 2003, Methods of analysis by the U.S Geological Survey National Quality Laboratory—Determination of gasoline oxygenates, selected degradates, and BTEX in water by heated purge and trap/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry:  U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4079, 31 p.


Adobe ® Portable Document Files (pdfs), Microsoft Powerpoint ® Files and Other Sites Open in a New Window

NELAC logo TNI logo NWQL logo

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://nwql.usgs.gov/MRDP_Staff.shtml
Page Contact Information: NWQL LabHelp
Page Last Modified: Monday, 03-Aug-2009 14:54:41 MDT